European Journal of Sport Science: Video Abstract

Transition phase clothing strategies and their effect on body temperature and 100-m swimming performance
Andy Galbraith & Aimee Willmott

DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1411528
@running_science @EurJSportSci

Please watch the video here.

Video transcript start:

Warm-up routines can prime and prepare athletes by increasing muscle temperature and readying skeletal muscles for exercise. However, in a number of sports there is a period of time called transition phase, which follows the end of the warm up and precedes the start of competition. During this phase the rise in core and muscle temperature afforded by the warm up is likely to diminish. Transition phase strategies may therefore aid athletes in maintaining muscle and body temperature and maximising the benefits of the warm up.

This study investigated the effects of two different clothing strategies during the transition phase on subsequent 100-m swimming performance. Nine competitive swimmers completed a 30-min pool warm-up followed by a 30-min transition phase straight into a maximal 100-m time trial. During the transition phase swimmers wore either limited clothing, a standard club t-shirt or warm clothing: a t-shirt, hoodied top and trousers.

There was attenuated decline in skin and core temperature during the transition phase in the warm clothing condition compared to the limited clothing condition. Wearing warm clothing in the transition phase improved subsequent 100-m swimming performance by 0.6 % compared to the limited clothing condition.

Swimmers can be advised that combining active pool warm-ups with a warm clothing transition phase strategy is a useful way to maintain warm-up benefits and maximise sprint swimming performance.

Video transcript end.


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