"Doping is a complex moral and scientific dilemma and its prevention has led to a costly but less than perfect control system..."

This in mind, ECSS President Prof. Sigmund Loland and ECSS Past President Prof. Hans Hoppeler made a proposal of "how to interpret the 'spirit of sport' in more precise ways in terms of a combination of the fair opportunity principle and biological and evolutionary understanding of athletic performance as a result of the systematic utilization of the phenotypic plasticity of the human organism."

The full article is now published online in the European Journal of Sport Science (EJSS).


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Tobias Vogt
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